All preschool children even those without noticeable eye problems, should have a vision screening or comprehensive eye exam before the age of five.
In Kentucky about 20% of children have some sort of vision problem, most of these go undetected as children with impaired vision often feel that this is the way they are suppose to see. It is thus important for parents and teachers to look for signs of visual impairment.
Without early detection and intervention children with an untreated eye problem may suffer from serious irreversible vision loss or even blindness for the rest of their lives.
The most common cause of visual impairment in children is refractive errors or need for glasses, which can be a strong risk factor for Lazy eye and can cause irreversible loss of vision.
Any child that sits close to TV or holds reading material close to face, child that constantly rub his eyes and squint to focus need to have a vision exam.
Some children may also complain of headache or dizziness with visual tasks and may completely avoid visual tasks like reading.
Children who receive treatment and can finally see became new people.
Another visual condition that might go undetected is strabismus or misalignment of eyes which may cross or drift outwards; this may be caused by the failure of the eye muscles to work together.
These children may exhibit excessive clumsiness or poor depth perception, may tilt head to one side or close one eye for visual tasks.
Children born with droopy eyelids and those that have a family history of lazy eye or inherited eye issues in parents or siblings should be evaluated as well.
An eye appears to be misaligned (crossed or drifting out)
Squinting, closing, covering one eye or rubbing one or both eyes
Headache, nausea or dizziness with visual tasks
Tilting the head to one side
Child has one or both eyelids that droops down
Brother or sister has lazy eye or other eye problems
Click here for more information about children's eye exams at the University of Louisville Eye Center Children's Clinic.
Eight signs your child may need a vision exam