New federal dietary guidelines released - WDRB 41 Louisville News

New federal dietary guidelines released

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LOUISVILLE, Ky. (WDRB) -- New federal dietary guidelines come out every five years and a new set dropped this week. While it can be hard to sort through it all, here is what is boils down to: eat less sugar, salt and fat.

Health experts want people to focus on a healthy eating pattern across their life and emphasize that all food and drink choices matter.

"There are 5 food groups, we have our fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy and protein," said Hope Pitman, registered dietician at Norton Weight Management Center. "We really want to choose a good variety from all those food groups that are all very nutrient dense, "said Pitman.

"This time they're being more specific about how much sugar and how much fat is actually recommended," said Pitman. "So if you're taking a 2,000 calorie diet we only want 10 percent of your calories coming from sugar, coming from fat," said Pitman.

She recommends checking the labels on food. Look for low sodium or no salt added, and the same goes for sugar. Go for reduced or no sugar added.

"That's different from fruit sugars. Added sugars would be found in processed foods, white sugar that's added to foods," said Pitman.

While in the past, cholesterol was a concern in foods, it is not so much anymore.

"Cholesterol is not affecting our blood cholesterol levels as much as we thought," Pitman explained. "Cholesterol is highly associated with saturated fat, so if we are reducing our saturated fat intake, in return we will also be reducing cholesterol." 

Remember the food pyramid? That has been gone for several years. The visual aid nowadays is called my plate.

"If you're looking at a plate, and you divide that into four sections, two of those sections, so half the plate, should be fruits and veggies," said Pitman.

The remaining two sections should be filled with a lean protein like chicken or fish, and a whole grain. The new guidelines also say watch what is in your drink. 

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