LOUISVILLE, Ky. (WDRB) -- Keith Kaiser joins the U of L Physicians, Pediatric Eye Specialists to learn about back to school eye exams.
Parents should look for the early signs that your child may need a comprehensive vision exam:
An eye appears to be misaligned (crossed or drifting out)
Squinting, closing, covering one eye or rubbing one or both eyes
Headache, nausea, dizziness or excessive watering with visual tasks
Tilting the head to one side
Child has one or both eyelids that droops down
Brother or sister has lazy eye or other eye problems
What children should expect during an eye exam:
Age-appropriate vision exam will be performed in a very kid-friendly environment; objective exam using sophisticated tools is used for preverbal children.
A detailed eye movement exam to check for misalignment of the eyes, lazy eye, focusing for near and distance targets will be performed.
Check depth perception in verbal children
All children will then receive dilating drops/ spray to check the need for glasses.
An instrument called retinoscope is used to look for near or far sightedness and astigmatism (eyeball shaped like a football instead of being like a basketball).
The use smart devices or excessive computer usage may cause vision issues in children:
Recent studies have shown that the prevalence of nearsightedness among Americans has jumped exponentially over the last few decades.
One important reason is prolonged usage of smart devices and computers without breaks.
This causes excessive strain on the visual focusing mechanism thereby hastening the progression of myopia.
It is imperative that the child takes periodic break from near work; the 20-20 rule (20 seconds break after every 20 minutes to relax the accommodation).
Excessive usage of smart devices can result in eyestrain, headache and dry eyes typically called the computer vision syndrome
Entertainment-related media usage should be restricted to 2 hours or less every day.
Check the ergonomics of the workstation.
There should be at least 20 inches distance between monitor and eyes and the screen.
The computer screen should be below the eye level. There should be good lighting in the room.
To get information of upcoming eye clinics, call 502-588-0550.
Copyright 2016 WDRB News. All Rights Reserved.