NASA's Juno spacecraft has been studying Jupiter and the space around it for the last five and a half years. In June of 2021, nearly five years into its mission, Juno made an important pass by Ganymede, one of Jupiter's 79 known moons. On Juno's 34th trip around the Gas Giant, it made its closest approach to Ganymede. It was roughly 645 miles away from Ganymede's surface at the closest pass and traveling at a relative velocity of 41,600 mph according to NASA!

This image of the Jovian moon Ganymede was obtained by the JunoCam imager aboard NASA's Juno spacecraft during its June 7, 2021, flyby of the icy moon.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS

This pass is interesting because Juno Principal Investigator Scott Bolton of the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio made a tape. Using Juno's Waves instrument "which tunes in to electric and magnetic radio waves produced in Jupiter’s magnetosphere," Bolton collected those emissions and created an audio track by shifting the frequency of the emissions into the audio range so we could hear it. Click the video below to hear what he found:

This 50-second animation provides an auditory as well as visual glimpse at data collected by Juno’s Waves instrument as the spacecraft flew past the Jovian moon Ganymede on June 7, 2021. The abrupt change to higher frequencies around the midpoint of the recording represents the spacecraft's move from one region of Ganymede's magnetosphere to another.

The audio track is made by shifting the frequency of those emissions — which range from 10 to 50 kHz — into the lower audio range

The animation is shorter than the duration of Juno's flyby because the Waves data is edited onboard to reduce telemetry requirements.

More information about Juno is at and For more about this finding and other science results, see

Inage Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/Univ of Iowa

Juno's prime mission was completed in July 2021, one month after this data was collected and roughly five years after the mission began. Because the spacecraft is still operating well and finding such good information, its mission has been extended until September 2025.